Think back to the days of elementary school. Do you remember a teacher you particularly liked? Perhaps the reason you liked him or her so much was because of the way he or she taught. However, even though you enjoyed that particular teacher, the person next to you might of really struggled. The reason why you excelled over your classmate may have depended on the learning style your teacher taught in.
We all learn in different ways. There is no right or wrong way in which we learn. There are some children who are more visual and there are others who prefer learning through “hands-on” activities. There are multiple learning styles in children, but visual (spatial), auditory, and kinesthetic learning styles are the most popular.
Children who learn the best with visual style love to utilizing pictures, maps, and colors. According to Terry Farwell of familyeducation.com, students who favor this style will often say “Show me and I’ll understand.” When catering to the visual learning style, in the classroom use a heavily picture oriented material such as using mini-whiteboards, picture diagrams, or PowerPoint presentations.
Rather than focusing on imagery, auditory learners are children who are going to learn the best from hearing the material. According to educationplanner.org auditory learners, “store information by the way it sounds, and you have an easier time understanding spoken instructions than written ones”.
Auditory learners can often be found reading out loud, answering questions out loud in class, and has a hard time keeping quiet in class. These types of learners can benefit from participating in group discussions, listening to recorded lectures or e-books, or watching informative videos.
While the other two learning styles focus on images and audio, kinesthetic style of learning focuses on learning by doing. Kelly Roell of thoughtco.com explains that “a kinesthetic learner needs to be actively doing something while learning in order to truly “get” the materials”.
Kinesthetic learners are often described as children who can’t stand still. For this type of learner, long lectures will be unbeneficial. Lessons and lectures should be on the shorter side and be filled with engaging activities.
Knowing the different learning styles in children leads to student success in the classroom. Being aware of different learning styles will help to identify why children may not be learning to their full potential. Adapting teaching styles to fit with your students allows the students to become fully engaged in their environment and eager to learn.