Teachers have different ways of teaching the same way students have different ways of learning. One method of teaching may work better for one teacher but not the other. Discovering what kind of teaching method works best for you will allow you to work more efficiently with your students and become an overall better teacher. In this article, we will highlight some common teaching styles that have been put into practice. There are many different variations of teaching styles, but the ones described serve as a base for the other variations.
One of the most common teaching methods is the lecture method, To some, the lecture method of teaching is considered to be the primary teaching method especially among college courses. The lecturing method is a teacher-centered method with the instructor being very active and the students being inactive. Lecturing is a great way to communicate a larger amount of information in a short period of time. A typical follow-up tactic that teachers use when lecturing is having a discussion directly after the lecture. This helps reinforce the ideas and facts that have been communicated to the students.
The demonstration teaching method is another fundamental teaching method. The description is somewhat self-explanatory. When using demonstration teaching method, the instructor is using a connective way of teaching to help students relay factual information to real-world problems or experiences. A demonstration could be in the form of a presentation of an experiment. Demonstration teaching methods are particularly useful in science classes. This form of applied learning can help kinesthetic and visual learners more so than the lecturing teaching method which is strictly just auditory learning.
Another fundamental teaching method is collaboration. Collaboration is applied when students engage with each other to learn about the material in the class. Collaboration can be in the form of classroom discussions and group projects. In a classroom discussion teachers have the opportunity to enhance the understanding of the topic, add context, relate to personal experiences, cover opposing viewpoints, and strengthen community learning with their students. Controversial courses and topics are a great starting point to have classroom discussions. Controversial topics are likely to have great interaction between students and teacher and could submerge people into the discussion at hand.